Tamper-proofing Video with Hierarchical Attention Autoencoder Hashing on Blockchain

IEEE Transactions on Multimedia

Published January 31, 2020

Tu Bui, Daniel Cooper, John Collomosse, Mark Bell, Alex Green, John Sheridan, Jez Higgins, Arindra Das, Jared Keller, Olivier Thereaux

We present ARCHANGEL; a novel distributed ledger based system for assuring the long-term integrity of digital video archives. First, we introduce a novel deep network architecture using a hierarchical attention autoencoder (HAAE) to compute temporal content hashes (TCHs) from minutes or hourlong audio-visual streams. Our TCHs are sensitive to accidental or malicious content modification (tampering). The focus of our self-supervised HAAE is to guard against content modification such as frame truncation or corruption but ensure invariance against format shift (i.e. codec change). This is necessary due to the curatorial requirement for archives to format shift video over time to ensure future accessibility. Second, we describe how the TCHs (and the models used to derive them) are secured via a proof-of-authority blockchain distributed across multiple independent archives. We report on the efficacy of ARCHANGEL within the context of a trial deployment in which the national government archives of the United Kingdom, United States of America, Estonia, Australia and Norway participated.

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