Controllable Speech Representation Learning Via Voice Conversion and AIC Loss


Published May 22, 2022

Yunyun Wang, Jiaqi Su, Adam Finkelstein, Zeyu Jin

Speech representation learning transforms speech into features that are suitable for downstream tasks, e.g. speech recognition, phoneme classification, or speaker identification. For such recognition tasks, a representation can be lossy (non-invertible), which is typical of BERT-like self-supervised models. However, when used for synthesis tasks, we find these lossy representations prove to be insufficient to plausibly reconstruct the input signal. This paper introduces a method for invertible and controllable speech representation learning based on disentanglement. The representation can be decoded into a signal perceptually identical to the original. Moreover, its disentangled components (content, pitch, speaker identity, and energy) can be controlled independently to alter the synthesis result. Our model builds upon a zero-shot voice conversion model AutoVC-F0, in which we introduce alteration invariant content loss (AIC loss) and adversarial training (GAN). Through objective measures and subjective tests, we show that our formulation offers significant improvement in voice conversion sound quality as well as more precise control over the disentangled features.

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Research Areas:  AI & Machine Learning Audio