Flash: Concept Drift Adaptation in Federated Learning

Proceedings of the 40th International Conference on Machine Learning (ICML)

Publication date: July 23, 2023

Kunjal Panchal, Sunav Choudhary, Subrata Mitra, Koyel Mukherjee, Somdeb Sarkhel, Saayan Mitra, Hui Guan

In Federated Learning (FL), adaptive optimization is an effective approach to addressing the statistical heterogeneity issue but cannot adapt quickly to concept drifts. In this work, we propose a novel adaptive optimizer called Flash that simultaneously addresses both statistical heterogeneity and the concept drift issues. The fundamental insight is that a concept drift can be detected based on the magnitude of parameter updates that are required to fit the global model to each participating client's local data distribution. Flash uses a two-pronged approach that synergizes client-side early-stopping training to facilitate detection of concept drifts and the server-side drift-aware adaptive optimization to effectively adjust effective learning rate. We theoretically prove that Flash matches the convergence rate of state-of-the-art adaptive optimizers and further empirically evaluate the efficacy of Flash on a variety of FL benchmarks using different concept drift settings.

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