Geometric Numerical Integration of Inequality Constrained Nonsmooth Hamiltonian Systems

SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing, 34(5), 2012

Published October 9, 2012

Danny Kaufman, Dinesh K. Pai

We consider the geometric numerical integration of Hamiltonian systems subject to both equality and ``hard” inequality constraints. As in the standard geometric integration setting, we target long-term structure preservation. Additionally, however, we also consider invariant preservation over persistent, simultaneous, and/or frequent boundary interactions. Appropriately formulating geometric methods for these cases has long remained challenging due the inherent nonsmoothness and one-sided conditions that they impose. To resolve these issues we thus focus both on symplectic-momentum preserving behavior and the preservation of additional structures, unique to the inequality constrained setting. Toward these goals we introduce, for the first time, a fully nonsmooth, discrete Hamilton's principle and obtain an associated framework for composing geometric numerical integration methods for inequality-equality--constrained systems. Applying this framework, we formulate a new family of geometric numerical integration methods that, by construction, preserve momentum and equality constraints and are observed to retain good long-term energy behavior. Along with these standard geometric properties, the derived methods also enforce multiple simultaneous inequality constraints, obtain smooth unilateral motion along constraint boundaries, and allow for both nonsmooth and smooth boundary approach and exit trajectories. Numerical experiments are presented to illustrate the behavior of these methods on difficult test examples where both smooth and nonsmooth active constraint modes persist with high frequency.

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Research Area:  Graphics (2D & 3D)