Style Transfer of Audio Effects with Differentiable Signal Processing

Journal of the Audio Engineering Society

Publication date: September 1, 2022

Christian Steinmetz, Nicholas J. Bryan, Joshua Reiss

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We present a framework that can impose the audio effects and production style from one recording to another by example with the goal of simplifying the audio production process. We train a deep neural network to analyze an input recording and a style reference recording, and predict the control parameters of audio effects used to render the output. In contrast to past work, we integrate audio effects as differentiable operators in our framework, perform backpropagation through audio effects, and optimize end-to-end using an audio-domain loss. We use a self-supervised training strategy enabling automatic control of audio effects without the use of any labeled or paired training data. We survey a range of existing and new approaches for differentiable signal processing, showing how each can be integrated into our framework while discussing their trade-offs. We evaluate our approach on both speech and music tasks, demonstrating that our approach generalizes both to unseen recordings and even to sample rates different than those seen during training. Our approach produces convincing production style transfer results with the ability to transform input recordings to produced recordings, yielding audio effect control parameters that enable interpretability and user interaction.

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Research Areas:  Adobe Research iconAI & Machine Learning Adobe Research iconAudio